Ambassador of France to Bangladesh, HE Sophie...
Today is Europe Climate day and I am pleased to share this event along with my European colleagues and all of you. This event is a worldwide event, taking place in nearly 60 countries.Today, since we are very close to COP 21, the international framework for climate negotiations hosted by France at the end of the year, it may be necessary to come back on what we are talking about.Our planet is facing one of the major challenges it has ever faced, since a very long time. Because of climate changes, our word has come to a turning point.
And the fact is that we, human beings, are responsible for these changes.
Today, it is no more possible to express doubts regarding the analysis and figures published by IPCC, the intergovernmental panel on climate change. We human beings have developed an industrial world and our ways of living, producing and consuming have totally changed the balance in the composition of our atmosphere. We can’t say that we don’t believe that disasters will occur and that scientists are unrealistic people. Because what has happened in India these last weeks with more than 2500 people dying because of extreme heat is a fact, not a figure or an analysis.
Worldwide, citizens, NGOs, private sector, governments have to be conscious that, if we do not manage to maintain the global increase of temperature below 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century, compared to pre-industrial levels, we will face huge disasters. This effort demands a complete change in our ways of living, producing, sourcing and assessing values. We must reduce our global greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by the end of the century, and shape together new low carbon strategies, if we want to avoid these disasters.
Governments have a huge responsibility : they are expected to create the policy framework and, along with the private sector, to mobilize the necessary funds to innovate and develop a new climate friendly environment.The business and climate summit which took place in Paris a few weeks ago showed that the private sector is fully aware of this challenge and is ready to commit itself. The solutions do exist but our capitalist world will have to find out sustainable models to transfer technology and innovation to those who could no afford them, without a global financial effort.
Bangladesh is not a polluter, but Bangladesh is one of the most exposed continental countries in the world, and Bangladesh ambition is to become a mid income country within a few years. This means that from now on, business models have to integrate the climate constraint and to settle positive solutions for the future. Saving water, energy and land through new ways of producing and living is also a business model in order to make profit.
Everybody has to feel responsible.This is the challenge of the next Conference of Parties, COP21. In December, we want to create a Paris Alliance for Climate, integrating four main pillars :
The first one is to get a universal and legally binding agreement. This agreement will have to consider equally mitigation and adaptation, which is a priority for Bangladesh and all the countries already facing climate impact. This agreement will open the door to a long-term process of cooperation.
The second pillar is the National contributions, so called INDC. INDCs have to be published before Paris Conference, to be integrated there.
They present the national commitments on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and they can include adaptation plans. 40 countries have published their INDC and we are confident that Bangladesh, though it is not obliged to, as a LDC, will comply with this commitment very soon.
The third pillar is financing. The international community has committed itself to mobilize, by 2020, 100 billion dollars per year, to address climate issues. Through the Green Climate fund and other ways of financing, this effort is necessary, in order to redirect public and private flows towards low-carbon economies.
And the last pillar is the Lima-Paris agenda. The goal is to involve all the actors, as I said before, to create a collective effort in order to change our global society.
In Paris, NGO’s, private sector and other actors will be able to showcase their positive solutions to address climate change.
As a conclusion, the message is that it’s no use to be pessimist, or fatalist, or sceptical, because we have no choice. Climate change is not only a technical issue ; it is also a moral issue. It is a matter of : what sort of planet we want to leave for the next generations ? And this is why COP21 has to be a success.
I thank you for your attention.